The haunting photo above has, in recent years, taken on a new life thanks to the internet. However, few seem to know the story behind it. The image shows members of the Young Pioneers youth group in Soviet Russia donning their gas masks during a civil defense drill near Leningrad in These days, the image appears to depict a people consumed by fear of war.
Life Inside The Young Pioneers: The Soviet Union’s Answer To The Boy Scouts
My summer in a Soviet pioneer camp | World news | The Guardian
During the Russian Civil War from to , most of the Scoutmasters and many Scouts fought in the ranks of the White Army and interventionists against the Red Army. Those Scouts who did not wish to accept the new Soviet system either left Russia for good like Oleg Pantyukhov and others or went underground. Foundation of the Young Pioneers[ edit ] However, clandestine Scouting on both sides of the war did not last long. The Komsomol persistently fought with the remnants of the Scout movement. This organization would properly educate children with Communist teachings.
Arriving at Zubryonok, welcomed with flowers. Bromwich describes the camp setting in the middle of the forest surrounded by pine trees, dotted with paintings of young pioneers "under Lenin's watchful eye". The uniform: A pioneer was chosen each day "to raise the red flag to the sound of the Russian national anthem being played on an accordion", a daunting prospect for a shy boy from Yorkshire.
Overview[ edit ] Young Pioneers of China, School Opening Pioneer movements exist in countries where the Communist Party is in power as well as in some countries where the Communist Party is in opposition, if the party is large enough to support a children's organization. In countries ruled by Communist Parties , membership of the pioneer movement is officially optional. However, membership provides many benefits, so the vast majority of children typically join the movement although at different ages.